New study shows how methan breaks through icy barriers on the sea floor

A new study has solved the mystery of how and why columns of the methane gas can stream out of methane hydrates. Both the bubble tubes and the inverted droplets are encased in clear gas hydrate. Credit: Image courtesy of the NOAA Office of Ocean Exploration and Research, Gulf of Mexico 2017. Methane, the main…Continue Reading

Study: Cocoa Flavanols Can Improve Cognition and Brain Oxygenation

In a study published in the journal Scientific Reports, researchers have demonstrated that consumption of cocoa flavanols can improve efficiency in blood oxygenation in the frontal cortex — a brain region that plays a key role in planning, regulating behavior and decision-making — of young healthy people and that it is likely to contribute to…Continue Reading

Study finds plant-based diets cause a surprising boost in metabolism

A new study referred to as ‘groundbreaking’ has found that eating a low-fat plant-based diet may cause a notable boost in metabolism, leading to additional weight loss and improvements in metabolic health. The findings were based on a 16-week experiment in which some participants were instructed to eat a plant-based diet with no limit on…Continue Reading

Framework to study brain connectivity in living organisms

Bramsh Chandio, a Ph.D. candidate in intelligent systems engineering, advised by Assistant Professor of Intelligent Systems Engineering Eleftherios Garyfallidis, published a paper in Nature Scientific Reports that lays out a large medical analytics framework that can be used in neuroscience and neurology to study brain connectivity in living organisms. The study, which was funded by…Continue Reading

Be mindful: Study shows mindfulness might not work as you expect

If dispositional mindfulness can teach us anything about how we react to stress, it might be an unexpected lesson on its ineffectiveness at managing stress as it’s happening, according to new research from the University at Buffalo. When the goal is “not to sweat the small stuff,” mindfulness appears to offer little toward achieving that…Continue Reading

Study reconstructs ancient storms to help predict changes in tropical cyclone hotspot

Intense tropical cyclones are expected to become more frequent as climate change increases temperatures in the Pacific Ocean. But not every area will experience storms of the same magnitude. New research from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) published in Nature Geoscience reveals that tropical cyclones were actually more frequent in the southern Marshall Islands…Continue Reading

Study of non-COVID-19 deaths shows 2020 increase in several demographics

March through May saw a significant increase in deaths over previous years — and not just from COVID-19, says a new study from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. When deaths attributed to COVID-19 were removed from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention totals, the death rate in several demographics outpaced the same period…Continue Reading

New study explains important cause of fatal influenza

It is largely unknown why influenza infections lead to an increased risk of bacterial pneumonia. Researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have now described important findings leading to so-called superinfections, which claim many lives around the world every year. The study is published in the journal PNAS, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, and…Continue Reading

Study: Countering hate on social media

Figure 1 from the paper: Examples of Twitter conversations (reply trees) with labeled hate (red), counter (blue), and neutral speech (white). The root node is shown as a large square. Credit: Garland et al, EMNLP 2020 The rise of online hate speech is a disturbing, growing trend in countries around the world, with serious psychological…Continue Reading

Case Study: How Sierra Pacific Mortgage increased underwriting capacity

Recent tech innovations have targeted point of sale or specific underwriting tasks to improve operational efficiencies, leaving the manual review of appraisals as an underexplored area ripe for digitization and automation. Collateral underwriting turn times in particular have been slowing for years as new guidelines, overlays and documentation processes have added to the already-long appraisal…Continue Reading