Citizen scientists create 3D map of brown dwarfs in our sun’s neighborhood

Home News Science & Astronomy A citizen scientist group has created the most complete map to date of brown dwarfs neighboring our solar system. Celestial bodies known as brown dwarfs, which are essentially failed stars, are too big to be considered planets and too small to be considered stars. Members of a NASA-funded project called Backyard…Continue Reading

Scientists decry death by 1,000 cuts for world’s insects

SETH BORENSTEIN, AP Science WriterJan. 11, 2021Updated: Jan. 12, 2021 8:35 a.m. 1of4FILE – In this Aug. 28, 2019 file photo, a Monarch butterfly flies to Joe Pye weed, in Freeport, Maine. Monarch butterflies are among well known species that best illustrate insect problems and declines, according to University of Connecticut entomologist David Wagner, lead author in…Continue Reading

Scientists decry death by 1,000 cuts for world’s insects

The world’s vital insect kingdom is undergoing “death by a thousand cuts,” the world’s top bug experts said.Climate change, insecticides, herbicides, light pollution, invasive species and changes in agriculture and land use are causing Earth to lose probably 1 percent to 2 percent of its insects each year, said University of Connecticut entomologist David Wagner,…Continue Reading

Scientists reach new milestone in vaccine development for leishmaniasis

Bone marrow aspiration: Leishmaniasis (Leishmania sp.) in liver transplant recipient. Credit: Paulo Henrique Orlandi Mourao, CC BY-SA 3.0 Researchers have taken an important step forward in developing a controlled human infection model to test leishmaniasis vaccines. The University of York-led study identified and characterized a new strain of Leishmania parasite that will form the basis…Continue Reading

Wow, scientists discovered dwarf giraffes

A dwarf giraffe standing next to an adult male. Image: Emma Wells / Giraffe Conservation Foundation By Mark Kaufman2021-01-09 19:05:54 UTC The wild teems with the unknown. Researchers have identified two dwarf giraffes, the first such animals known to science. During routine surveys of endangered, troubled giraffe populations by the conservation group Giraffe Conservation Foundation, biologists…Continue Reading

Chinese Scientists Develop Gene-edited Sheep to Help Boost Mutton Output

Researchers at the Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences have succeeded in breeding five local Hu sheep (above) by editing the MSTN gene. (Source: Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences) Scientists in China have developed the world’s first myostatin gene (MSTN) edited Chinese Hu sheep, with the hope that the technology will boost mutton output and quality…Continue Reading

Scientists develop a cheaper method that might help create fuels from plants

A new discovery could make biofuel production more cost efficient. Credit: Science in HD via Unsplash Scientists have figured out a cheaper, more efficient way to conduct a chemical reaction at the heart of many biological processes, which may lead to better ways to create biofuels from plants. Scientists around the world have been trying…Continue Reading

Scientists create international definition for fermented food

The paper​, published in Nature Reviews Gastroenterology & Hepatology​, defines fermented foods as: “foods made through desired microbial growth and enzymatic conversions of food components”​.The 13 authors, with expertise in family medicine, microbiology, food science and technology, ecology, immunology, and microbial genetics, take care to note the difference between probiotics and the live microbes associated with fermented foods. The…Continue Reading

Scientists develop high-throughput mitochondria transfer device

Scientists from the UCLA Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center have developed a simple, high-throughput method for transferring isolated mitochondria and their associated mitochondrial DNA into mammalian cells. This approach enables researchers to tailor a key genetic component of cells, to study and potentially treat debilitating diseases such as cancer, diabetes and metabolic disorders. A study, published…Continue Reading

Scientists explore deficits in processing speed in individuals with spinal cord injury

A team of rehabilitation researchers has studied processing speed deficits in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI), comparing their brain activation patterns with those of healthy age-matched controls, and older healthy individuals. They found that the SCI group and older controls had similar activation patterns, but the SCI group differed significantly from their age-matched controls.…Continue Reading

Scientists develop new approach to understanding massive volcanic eruptions

A geosciences team led by the University of South Florida (USF) has developed a new way to reconstruct the sizes of volcanic eruptions that occurred thousands of years ago, creating a first-of-its kind tool that can aid scientists in understanding past explosive eruptions that shaped the earth and improve the way of estimating hazards of…Continue Reading