Researchers describe outbreaks in Brazil, Pakistan and Malaysia

Abstracts from a cancelled event have been issued on outbreaks in Brazil, Pakistan and Malaysia. The conference abstracts were scheduled to be presented at the International Congress on Infectious Diseases in September 2020 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, but the gathering was called off because of the coronavirus pandemic. Studies in the International Journal of Infectious…Continue Reading

Researchers propose that humidity from masks may lessen severity of COVID-19

Masks help protect the people wearing them from getting or spreading SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, but now researchers from the National Institutes of Health have added evidence for yet another potential benefit for wearers: The humidity created inside the mask may help combat respiratory diseases such as COVID-19. The study, led by researchers…Continue Reading

Researchers use machine learning to identify autism blood biomarkers

Using machine learning tools to analyze hundreds of proteins, UT Southwestern researchers have identified a group of biomarkers in blood that could lead to an earlier diagnosis of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and, in turn, more effective therapies sooner. The identification of nine serum proteins that strongly predict ASD were reported in a…Continue Reading

Researchers identify drugs with potential to stop plaque buildup in arteries

Chemistry professor Chris Cairo co-led a study that identified a new mechanism responsible for the harmful buildup of plaque on artery walls that can restrict blood flow. The discovery also pinpointed new targets for drugs that could improve treatment for people with cardiovascular disease. Credit: Richard Siemens Glycomics researchers at the University of Alberta and…Continue Reading

Researchers find connection between meat-production chain contamination and UTIs

Researchers have found epidemiologic and genomic evidence that the meat-production chain is a possible major source of Staphylococcus saprophyticus causing human urinary tract infections. The study titled, “Foodborne Origin and Local and Global Spread of S. saprophyticus Causing Human Urinary Tract Infections,” provides insight into the origin, transmission, and population structure of pathogenic S. saprophyticus…Continue Reading

Researchers use new tool to study stress in root-colonizing bacteria

Biological engineering researchers at Utah State are trying to understand how they can leverage the benefits of a plant’s microbiome in the face of adverse agricultural conditions. Credit: Matt Jensen One solution to agriculture’s many challenges—climate change-induced drought, less arable land, and decreased water quality, to name a few—is to develop smarter fertilizers. Such fertilizers…Continue Reading

Researchers find gaps in EU parasite surveillance

Adequate surveillance programs for most foodborne parasites in Europe are lacking, according to a recently published study. Researchers found although human and animal data are available for five selected parasites, the surveillance and reporting requirements vary among and within regions and countries, and among national experts and European bodies. In 2012, the Food and Agriculture…Continue Reading

Researchers push for more country-level foodborne disease studies

National studies on foodborne diseases are needed to help a country set its food safety priorities, according to researchers. An international team said precise national estimates are essential to rank diseases and hazards in a country, as well as foods contributing the most and the interventions needed for effective prevention. Only when countries know what…Continue Reading

Researchers may have found a miracle cure for baldness

A team of researchers from Japan might have discovered the cure for baldness. The RIKEN Center for Biosystems Dynamics Research used stem cells and a specific culture mechanism to create hair follicles that can recycle hair just like natural follicles. Any hair-regeneration treatment should produce hair that can regrow after it falls. The stem cell…Continue Reading

Researchers discover new malware from Chinese hacking group

Researchers have discovered new “highly malleable, highly sophisticated” malware from a state-backed Chinese hacker group, according to Palo Alto Network’s Unit 42 threat intelligence team.Why it matters: The malware “stands in a class of its own in terms of being one of the most sophisticated, well-engineered and difficult-to-detect samples of shellcode employed by an Advanced…Continue Reading