New species of tiny ‘fairy shrimp’ found in the world’s hottest desert

New species of tiny ‘fairy shrimp’ found in the world’s hottest desert

Life



24 September 2020

By Jake Buehler

New Scientist Default Image

A male of the new species of fairy shrimp found in Iran’s Lut desert
Milan Pallmann

Tiny freshwater shrimp live in the world’s hottest desert – and their eggs can lay dormant for years when water is scarce.

In 2006, satellite measurements recorded ground temperatures in the Lut desert reaching 70.7°C – a world record. Since then, the desert’s surface has surpassed 80°C. The intense heat and relative dearth of knowledge about the region’s flora and fauna spurred scientists to make a series of expeditions to the Lut to survey biodiversity there.

Hossein Rajaei at the State Museum …

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